Every organization, regardless of size or revenue generated, needs an information security program.

It’s an essential collection of initiatives that form the basis for any cyber security initiative involving confidential data. Having a well-developed information security program enables your organization to take an inclusive approach to protecting data like protected health information (PHI), personally identifiable information (PII), and more.

However, not all organizational leaders can define an information security program, nor pinpoint the crucial components that make up an effective set of projects. Without this foundational knowledge, confidential information may be susceptible to exposure or theft by cyber criminals.

This blog post will highlight the important parameters and provide insight into how a robust information security program can keep your organization’s sensitive data safe.

What is an Information Security Program?

An information security program consists of a set of activities, projects, and initiatives that support an organization’s information technology framework. These initiatives also help organizations accomplish all related business objectives and meet corresponding benchmarks.

Your information security program practices allow you to safeguard key business processes, IT assets, and employee data from potentially prying eyes. It also identifies individuals or technological assets that may impact the security or confidentiality of those assets.

Constructing an effective program involves identifying your information security goals. The more specific these objectives are to your organization’s reality, the more meaningful and dynamic the underlying initiatives will be. Once those are established, you can define the IT tools and other information security assets needed to create, launch, and successfully maintain each project.

The Elements of an Effective Information Security Program

While the strength of your information security program will depend on the goals you aim for and the assets at your disposal, there are several common elements that will put you in a position to succeed.

Essentially, the program should go beyond merely assessing risk and offering a handful of prevention recommendations. Your information security strategy must play an active role in targeting issues (especially those related to human risk) and mitigating risk through diverse, inclusive projects.

Outlined below are the steps to follow when defining an information security program.

First, it is necessary to determine the expected results that come with accomplishing desired information security goals. These can be defined according to security objectives or the desired state in terms of security.

Then, it’s necessary to determine your organization’s current state of information security. In conjunction with a business impact assessment or security audits, a risk assessment will provide a clear understanding of the current security situation, as well as the weak points in that infrastructure. Again, the more details you drill down in the beginning, the easier this process will be.

After that, a gap analysis determines the difference between the current state and the desired state and facilitates a security strategy aimed at achieving the desired state. A roadmap can be produced to promote the development of the security program that will realize this strategy.

This roadmap generally includes the people, the processes, the technology, and any other required resources. It is used to describe the approach to be followed and the steps that should be taken to execute the strategy.

The next step is to effectively manage the security program to achieve the objectives and meet the expected results. The program in questions must be designed to provide an appropriate level of availability, integrity, and company information confidentiality. A program also requires various resources, as well as the proper support of your organization’s management.

Here are some more detailed elements that should be included in a security program:

  • Policies, standards, procedures, and security guidelines are the principal tools for guiding such a program’s implementation and management. These can be based on recognized standards, such as COBIT, ISO 27002, ITIL, etc.
  • A security architecture (including people, processes, and technology) provides a framework for the effective management of the complexity that can arise during the integration of various security elements and projects.
  • The classification of information assets to highlight their criticality and sensitivity.
  • An appropriate risk management process includes risk identification, evaluation and treatment, and a business impact analysis (BIA).
  • An effective response to incidents and emergencies.
  • A security awareness training program for all users.
  • The involvement of a security team in the development process (Software Development Life Cycle or SDLC) of projects and change management.
  • The definition and monitoring of metrics to assess the achievement of security objectives.

The information security program must have an exact assignment of roles and responsibilities concerning security.

It should be noted that information security awareness training is a critical element of the strategy because users are often the weakest security link. Therefore, they must know and understand the policies, standards, and procedures to adopt safe practices and be vigilant against various threats.

Various laws and regulations now require an awareness and training program. However, evidence suggests that employees, in many organizations, are still not sufficiently aware. Multiple studies have demonstrated that cyber security awareness training provides more effective control in improving overall security.


Learn more about setting up a security awareness program and team in this eBook:

Managing Cyber Security program

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